- Published on Monday, 21 May 2012 17:17
- Written by Angelos Giorgis
The findings show that Thassos has been inhabited since prehistoric times (3500 - 2600 BC). The first inhabitants came from the Thracian tribes of Saion and Hedoni, expelled from the later inhabitants of the island, the Phoenicians.
The first Greek settlers who arrived in Thassos at 7th century, was from the island of Paros and their captain was Telesicles. The Parians settlers exploited the natural and mineral resources of the island and gradually transformed Thassos into an important trade center in northern Greece. After the 5th BC century it was transformed into a powerful city-state with colonies, military and commercial fleets, major economic activity and strong currency.
In period of Persian wars, Thassos subjugated at the Persians and at the same time demolished marble walls. In 340 BC, Thassos annexed by Philip II in the Macedonian state.
The island has maintained its edge and Roman times, maintaining a system of special privileges. In 42 BC the assassins of Julius Caesar, Brutus and Cassius, settled their fund on the island.
During Byzantine times, the island was ravaged by Avars and Saracens and in 1204 was granted to Elder Venetian doge Enrico Dandolo and his descendants.
In 1354 the Byzantine Emperor John Palaeologus relinquished Thassos to Genovese.
In 1455, it was occupied by the Turks. In 1813 the Sultan ceded the island to turk-albanian General Mohammed Ali, who was born in Kavala but raised by Christian parents who adopted him on the island, as he was orphan, as they say.
During the Balkan wars in 1912, Thassos was occupied by the Greek army and incorporated in Greece.
From 1941 to the end of World War II, the island was under Bulgarian occupation.